Smart Technologies for Traffic

Cities are shifting to smart technology for traffic to cut down on energy consumption and improve road safety as traffic congestion in urban areas becomes an increasing problem. This can help to cut down on time for both drivers and passengers as well as reduce emissions and reduce traffic congestion.

The technology behind it is based on hardware and software. The first is the component that executes, while the second is the command and control centre. Both are complemented by the latest sensors and processing techniques which include ANPR (automotive license plate recognition) that captures data on vehicle movements and can detect traffic signals.

Depending on the solution used, data can be processed on the device by intelligent traffic lights or transmitted to cloud. The latter allows for more sophisticated analysis and modeling to reduce traffic congestion and coordinate public transport schedules. According to Carnegie Mellon University, this can reduce average travel time by 25 percent, wait times for signal signals are reduced by 40%, and emissions are cut by 20%..

A well-designed traffic light system is not only able to reduce the amount of time traffic signals take to operate and improving the flow of pedestrians as well as of micromobility vehicles like ebikes or e-scooters. They're not able to conform to traditional traffic law regarding preemption of signals. In London E-scooter accidents increased by 2,800% in the first half of 2021. Therefore, it is crucial to include them in traffic light control.